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What's the difference between linear guides and crossed roller guides?

Views: 1     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2023-07-11      Origin: Site

What's the difference between linear guides and crossed roller guides?

Linear guideways and crossed roller guides are two commonly used types of linear motion guides in various industries. Although they serve the same purpose of guiding and supporting linear motion, there are some key differences between the two.





Firstly, the structure of linear guideways and crossed roller guides differ significantly. Linear guideways consist of a rail and a carriage. The rail is usually made of hardened steel and has a precise linear groove, while the carriage is attached to the moving component and contains recirculating ball bearings or roller bearings. On the other hand, crossed roller guides have a more complex structure. They consist of two V-shaped rails and a carriage with crossed cylindrical rollers. The rollers are placed at a 90-degree angle to each other, providing high load capacity and stiffness.



Secondly, the load capacity of these two types of guides varies. Linear guideways are known for their high load capacity, especially in the radial direction. The recirculating ball bearings or roller bearings distribute the load evenly, allowing for smooth and precise linear motion. Crossed roller guides, on the other hand, have a higher load capacity in both radial and axial directions. The crossed roller design provides increased contact area and rigidity, making them suitable for applications that require high precision and heavy loads.

Another difference lies in the accuracy and precision of linear motion. Linear guideways are known for their high precision and repeatability. The linear groove on the rail ensures smooth and accurate linear motion, making them suitable for applications that require precise positioning. Crossed roller guides, however, offer even higher accuracy and precision due to their unique roller design. The crossed arrangement of the rollers eliminates any clearance and provides excellent rigidity, resulting in minimal deflection and higher positioning accuracy.

In terms of cost, linear guideways are generally more cost-effective compared to crossed roller guides. The simpler structure and manufacturing process of linear guideways make them more affordable, especially for applications with lower precision requirements. Crossed roller guides, on the other hand, are more expensive due to their complex structure and higher precision capabilities.

In conclusion, linear guideways and crossed roller guides have their own advantages and are suitable for different applications. Linear guideways are cost-effective and provide high load capacity and precision, while crossed roller guides offer even higher load capacity and precision at a higher cost. The choice between the two depends on the specific requirements of the application and the budget available.


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      Linear Guideways from China, Linear Guideways Manufacturer & Supplier - ALM (autolinearmotion.com)


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